Authors: Tsangyao Chang, Beatrice D Simo-Kengne & Rangan Gupta

Keyword: economic growth, South Africa

SDG: SDG8

Agenda 2063: A1

This paper examines the causal relationship between imports and growth in nine provinces of South Africa for a period 1996-2011, using panel causality analysis, with accounts for cross-section dependency and heterogeneity across regions. Our empirical results support unidirectional causality running from economic growth to imports from Gauteng, Mpumalanga, North West, and Western Cape ; br - rectional causality between imports and economic growth for KwaZulu-Natal ; an no causality in any direction between economic growth and imports for the rest of provinces. This suggests that import liberalisation might not be an efficient strategy to improve provincial economic performance in South Africa. Indeed, provincial imports tend to increase in some provinces as economic improves.